This valley is the first one in High Tatras from the west. Above its closure, there lies Ľaliové saddle, where High Tatras meet West Tatras. The length of this valley is 13.8 km and the area is 52.3 square km. Thanks to these measures, this valley is the biggest and the longest valley in High and in West Tatras, either. The starting point for reaching this valley is Podbanské. Through this valley, there leads a touristic path to the saddle Závory. This valley is accessible to cyclists as well, although only in its lower parts.
In Kôprová valley, there is a really nice blending of rocky beauties of High Tatras and meadow beauties of West Tatras. The length of the valley is 11 km and its area is 31.3 square km. Touristic paths lead to the famous Kmeť’s waterfall, Vajanský’s waterfall and to Temnosmrečinecké tarns. There are situated several benches and huts on the way to the valley. The starting point to the valley is Podbanské and through this valley you can reach Mengusovská valley.
The valley is bordered by ridges of Krivánska fork. Its length is 5.5 km and is formed from 5 terraces which were, together with the tarns, created by an activity of glaciers. There are situated several tarns – Wahlenberg’s tarn which is covered with ice for 300 days in a year, Sedielkové tarns, Vyšné and Nižné Furkotské tarn and etc. Furkotská valley itself is not usually visited by tourists. They use to return through it to Štrbské Pleso after crossing Bystrá bridge from Mlynická valley. The path from Tatra aterial main path turns straight to the valley between Štrbské and Jamské tarn.
The valley is rich in natural beauties. One of them is also the famous waterfall Skok or less famous tarns as Okrúhkle, Capie, Kozie and the Tarn above Skok. In the mouth of the valley, there lies the most visited Štrbské tarn. Under the lake terrace of Capie tarn, there is situated a memorial plaque remembering air rescuers who died there during the air crash during a rescuing action. There leads a yellow-marked path, through to valley, to the waterfall Skok and up to Furkotská valley.
Mengusovská valley is 8 km long, branched and the mostly visited by tourists. Its streams create river Poprad. Shorter tracks head from Štrbské Pleso (red-marked track) or from train stop Popradské Pleso (blue-marked track) to the centre of the valley to Popradské tarn and to Symbolic cemetery (memory of the dead of Tatras). The valley divides to the north-eastern Zlomisková valley and north-western Mengusovská valley next to Popradské tarn. Through this valley, there goes blue-marked path up to the Hinc’s basin and to the side basin of Žabie tarns (red-marked track). Hinc’s basin is bordered with rocky amphitheatre of Mengusovské peaks, Kôprovský peak and Čubrina. In the closure of the valley, there lies Veľké Hinc’s tarn (area of 20.08 ha, depth of 53.7 m – the biggest and the deepest tarn in the Slovak part of Tatras). Through Vyšné Kôprovské saddle, there is possibility to cross to Kôprová valley (blue-marked track) or go way up to Kôprovský peak (red-marked track) with magnificent views to the surrounding valleys and peaks. The basin of Žabie tarns is separated from Hinc’s basin by the south ridge of the dominant pyramid peak of Volovec. Around Žabie tarns, there rises a red-marked path up to Dolinka under Váh to the Chalet under the Rysy (2250 m, mountainous chalet in the highest point of Tatras) pass a massive rocky edge (fixed by chains). Through saddle Váhy, there rises a path up to the mostly visited prospective peak Rysy (2499.6 m, state border).
Batizovská valley is orientated to the south, terraced and lies in the central part of High Tatras. Its length is approximately 5 km and is remarkably influenced by an activity of glaciers. The most beautiful place of the valley is Batizovské tarn. Except of it, there is also Malé Batizovské tarn, Tarn above kostolík and with snow covered Batizovské oká. The shortest access to the Batizovské tarn is from the village Vyšné Hágy or along Tatra arterial main path from Popradské tarn or from the other side from Velické tarn.
Velická valley is 6 km long, terraced and lies under the natural slopes of massive fork of Gerlachovský peak (2654.4 m – the highest Tatra peak with the characteristic kettle on its southern slope. Above the first rocky terrace next to Velické tarn, there stands the mountainous hotel Sliezsky dom, which is greatly visited by tourists. The green-marked path, which starts behind the tarn, rises pass the other edge – Večný dážď to the attractive part with meadows called Kvetnica with the vanishing tarn of the same name. The path fixed with chains rises pass Dlhé tarn in the closure of the valley up to the saddle Poľský ridge. There is possibility to go to Bielovodská valley, to Veľká Studená valley (through saddle Prielom – fixed with chains) or to the peak Východná Vysoká (2429.6 m) by yellow-marked path fixed with chains. This track is attractive thanks to panoramic views to the surrounding peaks and valley.
Veľká Studená valley
Veľká Studená valley is 7 km long and highly attractive for tourists. It divides to several rocky edges just behind the narrow closure in its upper part. Those hide the highest number of tarns (22) from the all Tatra valleys. In the south, the valley is bordered with massive fork of Slavskovský peak, the part of the main ridge of High Tatras. In the north-east it borders with ridge of Prostredný peak. Blue-marked path enters the valley above Rainer’s chalet and above the forest and pine zone it rises along Vareškové and Dlhé tarn up to Zbojnícka chalet. This is also an ending point of yellow-marked path from Malá Studená valley crossing Priečne saddle. Above the chalet and along Zbojnícke tarns, the blue-marked path sharply rises to the saddle Prielom. From it, there is a possibility to descend to Bielovodská valley by blue-marked path or over saddle Poľský ridge by green-marked path to Velická valley. Way down from the saddle Prielom and saddle Poľský ridge is fixed with chains.
Malá Studená valley
Malá Studená valley is 4.5 km long, terraced and often visited by tourists with old mining tradition (mining of gold and copper up to the half of 19th century). Obrovský waterfall, which is possible to admire straight from the Tatra arterial main path – red-marked path, falls over the bottom forested slope. Green-marked path enters the valley next to Zamkovský’s chalet. Above the pine zone, the valley is characterized by the massive rocky terrace (Veľký and Malý slope). After their passing along the attractive Žltá wall, the path reaches Téry’s chalet built in 1899 next to Five Spišské tarns. The dominant peaks which border the closure of the valley are Prostredný peak, Ľadový peak (the third highest in High Tatras) and Lomnický peak (the second highest in High Tatras). Above the chalet, the path continues to the side valley Dolinka under Sedielko, where there is possibility to choose between passing over Priečne saddle (yellow-marked path fixed with chains) to Veľká Studená valley and rising by green-marked path along the highest Tatra tarn – Modré tarn (2157) to the saddle Sedielko and further to Javorová valley.
This valley is thanks to the touristic paths and connections of transport with Tatranská Lomnica (cable car to Skalnaté tarn and cable car to Lomnický peak) highly visited all year-round. It is created by a rocky kettle with an interesting closure and bordered with Lomnický, Kežmarský and Huncovský peak. The first touristic facilities were built in the valley in 1915. Nowadays, there are Skalnatá chalet and Chalet Encián opened for tourists. On the slope of Huncovský peak, there lies Observatory of astronomic institute of SAV. No touristic paths lead to the closure of the valley except the prospective point Lomnické saddle, more precisely Veľká Lomnická tower. The most interesting attraction to tourists is the cable car to Lomnický peak. Skalnaté tarn is a favourite skiing resort during the winter and early spring thanks to the slope under Lomnické saddle and slopes to Tatranská Lomnica. From the valley, there is a possibility to reach Lomnické saddle by a chairlift.
Valley of Kežmarská Biela voda
The valley is divided into three branches – The valley of Zelené tarn, the valley of Biele tarns and Predné Meďodoly. Above the valley of Zelené tarn, there are also smaller valleys: Veľká zmrzlá, Malá zmrzlá and Červená valley. The longest of them all is valley Predné Meďodoly with the length of 2 km and its northern part belongs to Belianske Tatras. In the valley of Kežmarská Biela voda, there lies the biggest group of tarns – Biele tarns. The first famous tourist in this valley was an emperor from castle in Kežmarok – Beáta Lasli-Kościelecka, who suffered from this action – her husband had her walled up in her chamber. Today, there are situated two opened chalets in the valley – Chalet next to Zelené tarn and Chalet Plesnivec and there are plans prepared for the reconstruction of burnt down Kežmarská chalet. The main touristic starting point to the valley is the parking and the bus stop Biela voda, Tatranská Kotlina and Tatranské Matliare.
This valley is bordered from the right side with Belianske Tatras. The highest part of the valley which heads to the east is called Zadná Javorová valley. In the valley, there are also situated several tarns: Žabie Javorové tarn, which is possible to see from the touristic path as well, Malé Javorové tarn, Kolové tarn, Čierne javorové and Zelené Javorové tarn and many others. There are also the only karst tarns in High Tatras – Tiché tarns. The starting point to the valley is Tatranská Javorina, from which the path leads up to Hrebienok. Above the mouth of the valley, there is a natural geological exposition with educational panels, benches and a hut.
Lately, the glacier 13 km long and 280 m wide has formed Bielovodská valley. The valley is 10 km long and belongs among the picturesque valleys of High Tatras. The bottom part of the valley is covered with forests; the upper parts are covered with steep rocky slopes of the side valleys with marvellous tarns. Among the most famous ones in the valley belong Hviezdoslav’s waterfall and Ťažký waterfall. The starting point of the path is Lysá Poľana. There goes a path through the valley which continues through Prielom to Veľká Studená valley. The ending point for the less demanding tourists and cyclists use to be the place around the gamekeeper’s lodge in the lower part of the valley.
The valley lies in the northern part of Belianske Tatras and is 5 km long. It was created by the activity of glaciers and in its closure it is bordered with massif of Hlúpy and Ždiarská fork. Through the valley, there goes a one way educational path which is opened only during the summer. The starting point of the path is in Ždiar.
Source: Tatranské doliny, I. Bohuš ml.
More information is in the book which you can buy in Tatra Information Offices or on the website www.ibtatry.sk.